What is ADHD?

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a neurological condition which affects the neurotransmitters ability to transfer messages through the frontal lobes of the brain.

In Brief

ADHD is more common in young boys than girls and there are currently 1 in 20 children diagnosed with the condition in the UK. Life for children with ADHD can be extremely difficult, and are often displayed with a lack of concentration, short attention span, poor memory, constant fidgeting and restlessness as well as a lack of social and emotional awareness.


ADHD symptoms usually affect these three main areas and result in Inattentiveness, Hyperactivity and Impulsivity. ADHD is often diagnosed at primary school age, but it is not uncommon to hear adults being diagnosed in their later life, finally understanding why things were so difficult for them in childhood and adolescents.

ADHD In Children

Childrens symptoms of ADHD tend to be mainly hyperactivity and impulsivity, constantly on the go- sometimes described as a running motor. This can often cause children to have high emotional responses, either overacting to common social situations, to under reacting and not-quite-understanding the social concept and often misinterpreting situations. This affects the child’s ability to build and maintain positive relationships

In later life, these symptoms can subside, and disorganisation and coordination problems can be more prevalent. However, 3 out of 4 adults with ADHD still show symptoms in adulthood and often have other severe problems by this time, such as; alcoholism, drug addiction and may have been involved in illegal activity of some kind. Of course, this does not mean that a child with ADHD- will end up in prison at all, with intervention and understanding in the community these children can access appropriate support to alleviate this possibility.

Of course, ADHD symptoms vary, age to age, gender to gender and are usually completely individual.